Making the switch from incandescent light bulbs to energy efficient compact fluorescent or LED bulbs can be a great process. Not only will you immediately start saving energy, but you'll be saving money as well. In addition, you can wave goodbye to the days of burning your hands when trying to change a bulb. Speaking of which, energy saving light bulbs last so long, changing them often will become a thing of the past. Before you jump head first into this switch, here are 5 very important factors that need to be considered when you're choosing the right bulbs for your needs.
WattageWattage is a measurement of the amount of energy consumed by the light bulb. In CFLs and LEDs this amount is 75 percent to 85 percent less than the amount of energy consumed by an incandescent or halogen equivalent. For example, a 13-watt CFL can emit the same quality of light that a 60-watt incandescent bulb does. Again, wattage lets us know how much power is being consumed. It does not determine the amount of light that a bulb produces. This is determined by the light output.
LumensThe light output of a lamp is measured in lumens. The higher the lumen rating is for a bulb, the brighter a light the bulbs produce. This is how a 13-watt CFL can replace a 60-watt incandescent, while at the same time an LED bulb that uses only 5 watts of energy can replace a 60-watt as well. This is one of the most important factors to consider when choosing a replacement bulb.
BaseAt the very bottom of the bulb, you have the base. Its shape and type determines whether or not the bulb will be able to plug into a specific fixture. The specific base type can be found inscribed onto the bulb, or on the fixture the bulb goes into. The most widely used bases are:
Color TemperatureWith the exception of colored bulbs (red, blue, green, etc.), compact fluorescent lights and LED lights have a color temperature rating. Measured in degrees Kelvin, this tells us how the color produced by the bulb looks in respect to the color of the sun. Beginning with 2700K, the higher the color temperature is, the whiter in color a bulb is. The lower the color temperature, the more yellow the light will appear:
MOLMOL is an acronym for maximum overall length. This is the measurement (either provided in inches or centimeters) of the bulb from the tip of the bulb to the bottom of the base.
There you have it! Keep these 5 factors in mind and you'll spend less time worrying about returning those wrong bulbs, and more time enjoying the extra money you'll be saving on energy bills.